Inks

Any liquid material is a candidate for MicroPenning®. Generally, applications call for flowable materials that range in viscosity from 5 to 500,000 centipoise (cP). A wide variety of Micropennable inks have been identified or developed and optimized for both low temperature flexible polymeric substrates, as well as high-temperature ceramic substrates.

Conductors

  • Polymeric – Metallic particles in a polymeric matrix, primarily for polymeric substrates
    • Silver, graphite, tungsten, copper
  • Cermet – Metallic particles in a glass matrix, primarily for ceramic substrates
    • Gold, platinum, silver
  • Nanoparticulate silver
  • Specialty electrode materials optimized for stimulation
    • Titanium, stainless steel, niobium, titanium nitride

Insulators

  • Polymers
    • Thermoplastics
    • UV-curable
    • Thermosets
  • Glasses
    • 600C or 850C firing compositions

Visualization

  • Radiopaque
    • Tungsten
    • Tantalum
    • Platinum
  • Visible spectrum
    • Metallic
    • Colored

Specialty Inks

  • Bioresorbable polymers
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Mechanical reinforcement
  • Temperature sensing
  • Pressure sensing
  • Chemical sensing